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25th European Congress of Psychiatry / European Psychiatry 41S (2017) S238–S302


e-Poster Walk: Epidemiology and social psychiatry


The dietary status of adults with ADHD

J.N. Kjaer

1 ,

, L. Jakobsen


, M. Lasgaard



P. Munk-Jørgensen



Aarhus University Hospital, Department of Affective Disorders,

Risskov, Denmark


Public Health and Quality Improvement, Central Region Denmark,

Aarhus, Denmark


Psychiatric Research Academy, Aarhus University Hospital, Århus,


Corresponding author.


The aim was to investigate the dietary status of adults

with ADHD. Furthermore, we compared the group with a represen-

tative sample of a healthy adult Danish population.


Data were collected from the ADHD database oper-

ated by the ADHD outpatient clinic at Aarhus university hospital.

We used data from newly referred patients in a seven months

period from April 2014 through October 2014. The collected data

include weight, height, blood pressure, somatic or psychiatric co-

morbidity, blood sample, physical activity scale. Concerning the

diagnosis of ADHD: DIVA, ASRS, BRIEF-V. Inter99was used to assess

the dietary status. The representative samplewas obtained as a part

of a public health survey from2010 called “how are you” conducted

in the same region of Denmark as the location of the psychiatric

hospital. Preliminary results, one hundred and forty-three patients

were included in the study, 52%males. Themean agewas 30.9 years.

A larger proportion of ADHDpatients fall in the category “unhealthy

dietary pattern” compared to the representative sample population

(26% vs. 12%), while the proportion in the “healthy dietary pattern”

category is markedly lower (14% vs. 24%). The differences seem

to be explained by lower than recommended intakes of fruits and



Our findings suggest a general shift towards more

unhealthy dietary patterns among patients with ADHD. This

exposes them to higher risk of somatic diseases, notably diabetes

mellitus and cardiovascular disease. Lifestyle interventions could

be a necessary part of standard treatment for patients with ADHD.

Disclosure of interest

The authors have not supplied their decla-

ration of competing interest.


Mental health stigma: What’s been

done? Where to go?

P. Macedo

, M. Silva , A. Fornelos , A.R. Figueiredo , S. Nunes

CHTMAD, Departamento de Psiquiatria e Saúde Mental, Vila Real,


Corresponding author.


Negative attitudes towards psychiatric patients still

exist inour society. Persons suffering frommental illness frequently

encounter public stigma and may internalize it leading to self-

stigma. Discrimination occurs acrossmany aspects of economic and

social existence. It may represent a barrier for patients to receive

appropriate care. Many anti-stigma campaigns have been taken

to decrease people’s prejudice, but its effects are not well docu-



To characterize anti-stigma initiatives and its effects

on diminishing negative consequences of stigma.


Bibliographical research using PubMed using the key-

words “stigma” and “mental illness”.


Despite several approaches to eradicate stigma, it shows

a surprising consistency in population levels. It was expected

that focus on education would decrease stigma levels. The same

was expected following concentration on the genetic causation

of pathology. Most studies have revealed that education has lit-

tle value and endorsing genetic attributions has led to a greater

pessimism on the efficacy of mental health services, sense of per-

manence and guilty feelings within the family.


Public stigma has had a major impact on many peo-

ple with mental illness, especially when leading to self-stigma,

interfering with various aspects in life, including work, housing,

health care, social life and self-esteem. As Goffman elucidated,

stigma is fundamentally a social phenomenon rooted in social

relationships and shaped by the culture and structure of soci-

ety. Social inclusion has been pointed as a potential direction of


Disclosure of interest

The authors have not supplied their decla-

ration of competing interest.


Mental health conditions and

co-morbidities among internally

displaced populations (IDPs) in


N. Makhashvili

1 ,

, J. Javakhishvili


, I. Pinchuk


, B. Roberts



Ilia State University, Mental Health Resource Centre, Tbilisi, Georgia


Ilia State University, Institute of Addictology, Tbilisi, Georgia


Ukrainian Institute of General and Forensic Psychiatry, General and

Forensic Psychiatry, Kiev, Ukraine


London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, epidemiology and

public health, London, United Kingdom

Corresponding author.

Reliable epidemiological data on the burden of mental health

conditions and key risk factors is crucial in helping to design appro-

priate trauma-informed mental health and psychosocial support

responses for the estimated 1.4million IDPs in Ukraine. The aim of

the proposed study is to collect evidence onmental health and psy-

chosocial support needs among IDPs in order to help informmental

health policy in Ukraine.

The specific objectives were to:

– measure the prevalence of mental health conditions of post-

traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, anxiety, and their


– examine the characteristics associated with the mental disorders

(e.g. gender, age, trauma exposure, socio-economic stressors);

– draft evidence-based recommendations for mental health and

psychosocial support to relevant governmental and professional

bodies in Ukraine.

The study used a cross-sectional survey conducted through-

out Ukraine in 2016 with 2203 IDPs aged 18 years and over.

Descriptive and multivariate regression analyses were used. PTSD

prevalence was 32% (22% men; 36% women), depression–22%

(16% men; 25% women), and anxiety prevalence was 17% (13%

men; 20% women). There were also high levels of co-morbidity

between PTSD, anxiety and depression. Key factors statistically

significantly associated with mental disorders included female

gender, older age, cumulative trauma exposure, more recent

displacement and a bad household economic situation. The find-

ings provided sufficient evidence to draft the trauma-informed

mental health policy recommendations to key policy-makers in


Disclosure of interest

The authors have not supplied their decla-

ration of competing interest.