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25th European Congress of Psychiatry / European Psychiatry 41S (2017) S238–S302


Prevalence of Internet addiction:

A pilot study in a group of Italian


D. Marazziti , F. Mucci

, F. Vanelli , N. Renda , S. Baroni ,

A. Piccinni

Università di Pisa, Dipartimento di Medicina Clinica e Sperimentale,

Pisa, Italy

Corresponding author.


Internet addiction (IA) is considered part of the so-

called “new technologies addictions” group, that in turn belongs to

awider, novel groupof abnormal behaviors defined “no-drug addic-

tions” or “behavioral addictions”. Similarly to substance abuse,

there is the risk either to arouse symptoms like craving, tolerance

and habituation either to develop a full-fledged addiction to the



The aim of this study is to examine the current pattern of

Internet use and eventually of IA, as well as their main character-

istics, in a group of high-school students from Calabria, a Southern

Italian region.


Five hundred high-school students (42% boys, 58% girls,

mean age SD


16.23 years) volunteered for this study. A specific

questionnaire of 45 items with 5 possible answers ranging between

“never” and “very often” on a Likert scale was developed.


Most of the young subjects interviewed owned a smart-

phone with Internet, and claimed to spend more time online than

at the beginning. Nearly everybody had an active account in a least

one social network. A small withdrawal from social relationships

and from sport activities emerged in this group.


Although about 10% of examined students presented

IA symptoms, our findings cannot be considered representative of

the total high-school population, these results underline the need of

further investigation and awareness. In fact, many underestimated,

vague, and other unspecific neuropsychiatric symptoms, such

as alterations of sleep-wake pattern, chronic fatigue, headache,

visual problems, carpal tunnel syndrome and eventually anxiety

or depression may be underlying to an unrecognized condition

of IA.

Disclosure of interest

The authors have not supplied their decla-

ration of competing interest.


Intensive case management (ICM)

project in eastern lower Austria:

A description

M. Ramirez Gaite

1 ,

, E. Gundendorfer-Mag. FH


, Dr. W. Hrubos



Psychosoziale Zentren GmbH, PSD Tulln, Tulln, Austria


Psychosoziale Zentren GmbH, Fachbereichsleitung, Stockerau,


Corresponding author.


Our ICMProject was implemented in 2012, with the

primary objective of preventing hospitalizations and unburdening

services. Here, we present a description.


ICM is a type of multi-professional assertive commu-

nity treatment (ACT) and case management, although our concept

has a stronger focus on social work thanACT anduses less resources.

It aims at patient’s stabilization at home, better life quality, less

inpatient/residential treatments, and more access to crisis inter-



Presently we have 118 spots. Target groups are persons

with severe psychiatric conditions at high risk for institutionaliza-

tion or already institutionalized, including heavy users of mental

health services. An initial eligibility assessment is required. At

least 3 workers are providing a minimum of 2 h face-to-face con-

tact per week per person. Care is offered predominantly at home

environment and anchored in: careful distance-closeness ratio,

structured and restructuring, autonomy enhancing, respectful,

non-judgmental, confidential, regularity and commitment. Each

treatment plan is individualized and based on two axes: intensive

assistance and day-structure. It comprises comprehensive psychi-

atric treatment, counselling, assistance in everyday life, support

groups, crisis management and interdisciplinary organizational



The program was evaluated in 2014 using the CANSAS

and FLZ scales and its effectiveness was validated. Most signifi-

cant improvements were found in day-structure, housing, social

contacts and performance, nutrition, and psycho-education. Life

satisfaction improvement was found mostly in areas of general

health, performance, relaxation and autonomy.


Since its implementation ICMhas steadily expanded.

Further research tools are currently being developed. Results will

be presented in future publications.

Disclosure of interest

The authors have not supplied their decla-

ration of competing interest.


Attention deficit hyperactivity

disorder and scientific school

performances among Moroccan


F.Z. Rouim

1 ,

, F.Z. Azzaoui


, A.O.T. Ahami



Faculty of Science Ibn tofail, Biology, Kenitra, Morocco


Faculty of science Ben M’sik, Biology, Casablanca, Morocco

Corresponding author.

Background and aim

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder

(ADHD) is classified as neurodevelopmental disorders. ADHD is

one of the major problems in childhood encountered most often

in schools. A study realized by Platt in 2011 show that chil-

dren with ADHD often experience difficulties in mathematics. The

aim of this study is to assess whether there is a relationship

between school performance in scientific subjects (mathemat-

ics and natural science) and attention deficit hyperactivity



The study was realized among 239 children studying in

a urban school in Kenitra city (North-West of Morocco), and aged

from 6 to 16 years. To evaluate the relationship between ADHD

and the average class results of mathematics and natural science,

Conners rating scale (parent and teacher short version) and the

academic transcripts are used.


The results show that there is a significant corre-

lation (


< 0.05,


< 0.01) between the average class results in

each natural science and mathematics and three components of

Conners rating scales (parent’s version), which are behavioral

difficulties, learning difficulties and hyperactivity/impulsivity. Fur-

thermore, the Conners rating scale (teacher’s version) show, also,

that there is a significant correlation (


< 0.05,


< 0.01) between

behavioral difficulties, hyperactivity/impulsivity and Inattention

passivity and the average class results in natural science and in



As known, childrenwith ADHD are not less intelligent

than other children, although our study show that children with

ADHD represent low marks in natural science and in mathemat-

ics. In fact, deeper investigations are needed to study the possible

factors that could affect ADHD children’s school performance.

Disclosure of interest

The authors have not supplied their decla-

ration of competing interest.