Table of Contents Table of Contents
Previous Page  125 / 916 Next Page
Show Menu
Previous Page 125 / 916 Next Page
Page Background

25th European Congress of Psychiatry / European Psychiatry 41S (2017) S106–S169


with ADHD. Some of the risk factors appear to have direct effects.

If this study will withstand further scrutiny, concerted effort is

needed in emerging economies such as Oman to address the issue

of burden among the caregivers of children with ADHD.

Disclosure of interest

The authors have not supplied their decla-

ration of competing interest.


Caregiver depression screening in a

child and adolescent clinic seeking

consultation for their children with

attention-deficit/hyperactivity in


N. Al Balushi

1 ,

, A.A. Samir



Sultatn Qaboos University, child and adolescent Psychiatry, Barka,



Sultan Qaboos University, psychology, Muscat, Oman

Corresponding author.


Studies have shown that caregivers of children with

(ADHD) are at a higher risk of mood disorders such as depression.

The presence of mood disorders among the caregivers of children

with ADHD has negative repercussion in terms of prognostic indi-

cator, utilization of the health care service and the resultant quality

of life.


To solicit the performance of indices of depression

among caregivers of children with ADHD and to explore the rela-

tionship between severity of mood score, subtypes of ADHD and

socio-demographic factors.


A cross-sectional study conducted in a tertiary hos-

pital in Oman dispensing child and adolescent mental health

services. Arabic-version of PHQ-9 was used screen for the pres-

ence of depression among the caregivers of children diagnosedwith

ADHD based on DSM 5. The severity and subtypes of ADHD were

quantified using Vanderbilt ADHD Parent/Teacher Rating Scale.

Socio-demographic background and clinical data were gathered

from medical records or attending caregivers.


The study included 100 caregivers of childrenwithADHD.

Most of the primary caregivers were mothers (92%). Using the cut-

off score of 12 on the PHQ-9, rates of depression for the mother

was 14%. Some socio-demographic factorswere strongly associated

with severity of depressive symptom.


This study suggests that depressive symptoms as

elicited by PHQ-9 are common among caregivers of children with

ADHD. The rate of depressive symptoms is higher compared to the

general population in Oman. This study lays groundwork for con-

templating mechanisms to mitigate depressive symptoms among

caregivers of children with ADHD.

Disclosure of interest

The authors have not supplied their decla-

ration of competing interest.


Prevalence of attention deficit

hyperactivity disorder among primary

school children in Riyadh, Saudi

Arabia; 2015–2016

T. Albatti , Z. ALHedyan

King saud University and King Khalid University Hospital, Chikd and

adolescents psychiatry department, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Corresponding author.


ADHD is one of the most common neurodevel-

opmental disorder among children. It is described as a chronic

impairing disorder that negatively affects the academic attainment

and social skills of the child. Furthermore, ADHD symptoms con-

tinue into adulthood in 30–60% of affected children. Consequently,

they will most likely be missed from employment many times.


Determine the prevalence of attention deficit hyperactivity

disorder among children in Saudi Arabia.


Determine the prevalence of attention deficit hyper-

activity disorder among both governmental and private primary

Saudi school children aged 6–9-year-old. And to measure the

gender difference of ADHD prevalence. Also, to determine any asso-

ciation between the socio-demographic characteristic of parents of

children with ADHD.


An observational cross-sectional study of 1000 primary

school children belonging to 1st, 2nd and 3rd grade. The selected

students were screened by the ADHD rating scale using multistage

sampling technique. The first stagewas selection of 20 schools from

all Riyadh regions by simple randomization. The second stage was

choosing children whom serial numbers were multiplies of five

in each class. The ADHD rating scale was filled by both parents

and teachers along with a socio-demographic questionnaire for the



The estimated prevalence of ADHDwas 3.4%. ADHDman-

ifestations affect boys more than girls. In addition, ADHD was more

frequent among children of illiterate mothers. Finally, ADHD was

significantly more prevalent among first grade children.


This epidemiological study filled the data gap of

ADHD prevalence in Riyadh. The study’s findings go in line with

many nearby and global studies.

Disclosure of interest

The authors have not supplied their decla-

ration of competing interest.


Benzodiazepines intake at

youth–experience from adolescent

consultation at centro hospitalar

Lisboa Norte

C. Almeida

, S. P

aulino , M. Croca , N. Santos

Centro Hospitalar Lisboa Norte, Hospital Santa Maria, Servic¸ o de

Psiquiatria e Saúde Mental, Lisboa, Portugal

Corresponding author.


The increasing intake of psychotropic medication

by children and adolescents is a reality that worries many mental

health professionals. Recently, european school survey project on

alcohol and other drugs showed that tranquillizers and sedatives

were mainly consumed by Portuguese youth, without medical pre-

scription, bringing this topic to medical and health stakeholders’



Characterize benzodiazepine prescription in the

youth population followed in a psychiatric consultation at centro

hospitalar Lisboa Norte psychiatric department.


Discuss Portuguese trends in mental health among youths.


Analysis of 127 adolescents, seen for the first time from

January to December of 2015, using Microsoft office excel.


Our sample is comprised by adolescents from 12 to 20

years old, 81 female and 46 male. Only 16% of the adolescents were

medicated with benzodiazepines, although low neuroleptic doses

were often required, and 30% carried out psychotherapy. Sixty-five

per cent of the diagnosis corresponds to anxiety, depressive and

impulse control disorders.


Although trends in Portuguese youth mental health

seem to be encouraging, as highlighted by local reports, European

Union Joint Action on Mental Health and Well-Being recommends

community and school active roles in primary and secondary pre-

vention. Our experience shows that benzodiazepines’ use is rarely

necessary and symptoms as anxiety, impulsivity and insomnia

decreased with other strategies. Coping strategies must be dis-

cussed with the adolescents, in formal psychotherapy or in a

supportive and containing therapeutic relationship, as well as dis-