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25th European Congress of Psychiatry / European Psychiatry 41S (2017) S170–S237

e-poster walk: Child and adolescent

psychiatry–Part 3


An embodied approach to understand

behavioural characteristics in subjects

with autism spectrum disorders

M. Kékes Szabó

University of Szeged, Department of Applied Pedagogy and

Psychology, Szeged, Hungary

There are three main areas of impairment in autism: social interac-

tion, communication and repetitive-stereotyped behaviors. While

over a long time orthodox cognitive psychology tried to explain the

background of these symptoms, nowadays embodiment theories

also seem to be useful tools to grasp the real nature of the dis-

ease and get a coherent picture about it. The significance of body

states, the perceiver’s experiences, dynamic interaction between

the organism and its environment, and the emergent nature of

the connected processes have increased. This study focused on the

autistic children’s cognitive development and aimed to explore sev-

eral aspects of it. Accordingly, the sensory-perceptual processes

and the participating children’s object use were investigated. The

main research methods were questionnaires that were filled in

by the parents, participant observation via object play and eye-

movement analysis during static and dynamic stimuli. The results

confirmed different behavioral patterns by children with autism.

Thus, for example, hyper-/hyposensitivity, a reduced rate of cre-

ative/pretend activities and a lower level of the preference of social

effects could be explored in the autistic group more often than it

was found in the case of individuals with typical development. In

this way, more aspects of the disease could be clearly interpreted

using an embodied approach to the behavioural characteristics,

although further studies are required to explore these phenomena

in a wider range.

Disclosure of interest

The author has not supplied his/her decla-

ration of competing interest.


The effects of high exposure to

smartphone from ages 3 to 5 years on

children’s behaviors

S.J. Kim

, S.M. Cho , K.Y. Lim

Ajou university hospital, Psychiatry, Suwon, Republic of Korea

Corresponding author.


Smartphones are becoming widely popular and the

number of users is significantly increasing, reaching over 65% in

South Korea in 2013 and the children begin to use a smartphone at

earlier age. Earlier and higher exposure of multimedia is known to

have negative effects on children’s physical and mental status.


The aim of the present study was to examine young

children’s exposure to smartphone and identify the effects of high

exposure of smartphone on children’s behaviors among Korean

children from ages 3–5 years.


In 2014–2015, the parents of 400 children aged

3–5 years (207 boys and 193 girls) were surveyed using a

questionnaire on the use of smartphone, children’s behaviors,

temperaments, social and language development at 3 community-

based children’s mental health centers.


Many children used televisions (95.5%), computers

(37.3%) or tablet PC (36.2%), and smartphones (84.6%). Most (74.2%)

started using mobile medias before age 2. Parents gave children

devices like smartphones to keep them calm (60.8%), when being

busy doing something (52.2%), and at playtime (34.3%). The chil-

dren’s age at first smartphone use and the frequency were not

associatedwith children’s behaviors and temperaments. Higher use

group (> 2 h/d) show more somatic symptoms (OR 8.97,


< .001),

more attention problem(OR 4.43,


< .001), more aggressive symp-

toms (OR 1.30,


< .001) and more withdrawal symptoms(OR 1.22,


< .001) than lower use group.


Young children in Korean urban communities had

almost universal exposure to mobile devices, especially smart-

phone. Early and severe exposure of smartphone by young children

aged 3–5 years is highly associated with children’s behaviour prob-

lems like both internalising and externalising problems.

Disclosure of interest

The authors have not supplied their decla-

ration of competing interest.


Handedness in children with autism

spectrum disorders

L. Kobylinska

, C.G. Anghel , I. Mihailescu , F. Rad , I. Dobrescu

“Prof. Dr. Al. Obregia” Clinical Psychiatry Hospital, Child and

Adolescent Psychiatry, Bucharest, Romania

Corresponding author.

Children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) have a less defini-

tive hand preference for certain actions as opposed to neurotypical

children. Moreover, left-handedness in children with ASD has been

associated with more echolalia. The objective was to conduct a

screening of potential risk and associated features for autism spec-

trum disorders, among which the hand preference of the child. The

current aim is to compare the perceived handedness of children

with autism spectrum disorders with that of children with other

psychiatric pathologies.


Eight hundred and forty-two parents completed our

risk and associated features screening questionnaire. Out of these,

494 answered the question regarding handedness (209 had chil-

dren diagnosed with ASD). This asked the parents to state how they

perceived their child’s handedness. An ADOS assessment has been

conducted for 170 of the children whose parents were included in

the study, based on clinical relevance for the case. The data were

analysed using Excel and SPSS 22.0. For the comparisons, Chi



the Kruskal–Wallis test were used.


Children with ASD had more left-handedness



(2) = 12.54,


= 0.002). There were no differences between

boys and girls in terms of perceived handedness in any of the

groups. There were no differences in the ADOS scores according to

the perceived hand laterality (


(2) = 0.58,


= 0.74).


Rightward-asymmetry in regions of corpus callosum

has been reported to correlate with symptoms severity in ASD.

The finding of different perceived handedness in children with

ASD versus children with other psychiatric pathologies is useful for

designing appropriate, individualized training programs for motor


Disclosure of interest

The authors have not supplied their decla-

ration of competing interest.


Prevention of conduct disorders at the

community level

J. Kosti´c

, M. Stankovi´c , L. Milosavljevi´c

Health centar-Nis, Department for Child and adolescent psychiatry,

Nis, Serbia

Corresponding author.


Epidemiological data indicate that 30% to 50% of

young people contact the child psychiatrist for behavioral disor-

ders problems. Protective factors research that reduce the risk of

conduct disorders are just as important as the research of risk fac-