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25th European Congress of Psychiatry / European Psychiatry 41S (2017) S238–S302

University of Florence, Department of Neurosciences, Psychology,

Drug Research and Child Health, Neurofarba, Pharmacology and

Toxicology Section, and Psychiatric Section, Florence, Italy

Corresponding author.

The process whereby objects and representations come to be atten-

tion grabbing and capture thought and behaviour is called salience,

and it is defined as aberrant when a significance is allocated to

neutral stimuli. The Aberrant Salience Inventory (ASI) is a scale to

measure aberrant salience, characterized by 29 dichotomic items.

By now, a correlation between aberrant salience and eating dis-

orders is unknown. Aim of this study is to evaluate an alteration

of salience in patients with anorexia nervosa, to estimate the exis-

tance of a correlation between aberrant salience and the experience

of body shape.


Twenty-six female patients with AN (diagnosed using

DSM-5) were enrolled at the Psychiatry Department of Florence.

Psychopathological features were assessed at the time of enroll-

ment using the following scales: SCL-90-R, BUT, EDE-Q. Salience

alteration was assessed by the means of the ASI. Statistical analysis

were realized using SPSS 20.0 with Spearman bivariate correlation.


Mean age was (mean


SD) 26.2


8.72 and mean Body

Mass Index (BMI) 16.1


2.46. Global Severity Index (GSI), Posi-

tive Symptom Total (PST) and Positive SymptomDistress Symptom

Index (PSDI) were estimated for BUT and SCL-90-R and compared to

total value of ASI. Thus, we found a statistical significant (


< 0.05)

direct correlation between ASI and BUTpsdi and ASI and SCL-90-

Rgsi (correlation coefficient of 0.446 and 0.398, respectively).


In this study, we found a significant direct correla-

tion between Aberrant Salience Inventory (ASI) values and one

dimension of body uneasiness in anorexic patients. These prelimi-

nary data need further studies with a wider sample to confirm the

above-mentioned data.

Disclosure of interest

The authors have not supplied their decla-

ration of competing interest.


Childhood emotional experiences and

eating psychopathology:

The mediational role of different

emotion regulation processes

A.L. Mendes , C. Ferreira , J. Marta-SimÃμes


Faculty of Psychology and Education Sciences, University of Coimbra,

CINEICC, Cognitive, Behavioral Center for Research and Intervention,

Coimbra, Portugal


Corresponding author.

Positive experiences from childhood have been consistently asso-

ciated with well-being and with feelings of social safeness and

connectedness. On the other hand, the lack of early experiences

characterized by warmth, soothing and care may lead to the later

experience of fearing to receive compassion from others, to the

engagement in self-judgment, and may be associated with a large

spectrum of psychopathology. The present study tested a model

which hypothesized that the impact of early positive memories

with family figures on the engagement in disordered eating is

carried by the mechanisms of social safeness and connectedness

with others, fears of receiving compassion from others, and self-

judgment. The sample comprised 399 women, aged between 18

and 55 years old. The path model accounted for 33% of eating psy-

chopathology’s variance and showed excellent model fit indices.

Results revealed that the impact of early affiliative memories with

family figures on eating psychopathology was totally mediated

by the mechanisms of social safeness, fears of compassion from

others, and self-judgment. In fact, women who reported a lack of

earlymemories of warmth and safeness with family figures seemed

to present lower feelings of safeness and connectedness within

social relationships, higher tendency to fear receiving kindness

and compassion from others, and more self-judgmental attitudes.

These findings support the importance of developing intervention

programs in the community, which target maladaptive emotion

regulation processes (such as compassionate-based interventions)

to promote mental health, especially in a context of early adverse


Disclosure of interest

The authors have not supplied their decla-

ration of competing interest.


How dissociation, temperament and

character influence at the eating


V. Mu˜noz Martínez , T. Rodriguez Cano , L. Beato Fernández ,

G.A. Jimenez Londo˜no , B. Mata Saenz

, L. Asensio ,

L. Nuevo Fernandez , L. Mella

Ciudad Real University Hospital, Psychiatry, Ciudad Real, Spain

Corresponding author.


Dissociation has been related to emotional dysregula-

tion and eating psychopathology. Dissociation may interfere with

the learning process, affecting at the therapy negatively. The aim of

the study is to analyse if at the eating disorders (ED), dissociation

is linked to temperamental traits or also to character traits, which

are susceptible to be modulated during the therapeutic process.


We studied 119 females that started an outpatient pro-

gram for their ED. We used the Dissociative Experience Scale (DES),

Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI), Eating Attitudes Test

(EAT-40), and the State Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI). We used

multiple regression analysis.


Dissociation was associated with high scores on the EAT-

40, even controlling the effect of anxiety traits, which also was

related to dissociation. The temperament dimension “searching for

novelty”, has been related in an opposite way to the DES. Also, the

“dimension of transcendence “character and “self determination”

influenced on the DES.


This study confirms the importance of improving

Self Determination levels at ED therapy, which influence on a lot of

prognostic aspects, such as protecting from dissociation, which is

related to anxiety and alimentary psychopathology and can inter-

fere with the therapeutic progress.

Disclosure of interest

The authors have not supplied their decla-

ration of competing interest.


Treatment in anorexia nervosa:

The role of neuropsychological

features in predicting response

P. Meneguzzo

, E. Collantoni , E. Tenconi , E. Bonello , G. Croatto ,

D. Degortes , P. Santonastaso , A. Favaro

University of Padua, Department of Neurosciences, Padova, Italy

Corresponding author.


Neuropsychological impairments in anorexia ner-

vosa (AN) have been considered both as putative risk factors and

as a target for treatment. However, the role of neuropsychological

variables as predictors of outcome is not clear.


Our aim is to investigate the role of neuropsychological

variables as predictors of response to treatment in a group of indi-

viduals affected by AN.


The study sample consisted of 144 patients diagnosed

with acute AN, according to the DSM-5 criteria, referred to the

Eating Unit of the Hospital of Padova, Italy. All participants were

assessed by means of a neuropsychological and clinical test battery